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1986–The worst nuclear disaster in history (up to that time) occurs when a nuclear reactor explodes at Chernobyl, in the USSR, killing 31 people. Due to high levels of radiation, the location would be deemed uninhabitable for centuries.



121–Antonius Marcus Aurelius, Emperor of Rome (161-180), is born in Rome, Italy. He was the last of the Five Good Emperors, and is also considered one of the most important Stoic philosophers.

499–Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei dies at age 31. By Emperor Xiaowen's will, Empress Feng is forced to commit suicide.

757–Hisham I of Cordoba is born Hisham Al-Reda in Cordoba.

757–Pope Stephen II, (752-757), dies in Rome, Papal States, at age 42.

764–Iranian caliph, Al-Hadi, ia born Abu Muhammad Musa ibn Mahdi al-Hadi in Iran.

1192–Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan dies at age 66. He had been father or grandfather to five emperors: Nijo, the 78th emperor; Rokujo, the 79th emperor; Takakura, the 80th emperor; Antoku, the 81st emperor; and Go-Toba, the 82nd emperor.

1319–John II of France is born in Le Mans, France. He was known as John the Good.

1336–Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch) ascends Mont Ventoux.

1467–The miraculous image of Our Lady of Good Counsel appears in Genazzano, Italy.

1478–The Pazzi family attack Lorenzo de' Medici and kill his brother, Giuliano, during High Mass in Florence Cathedral.

1514–Astronomer, Copernicus, makes his first observations of the planet, Saturn.

1564–Playwright, William Shakespeare, is baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England.

1575–Marie de'Medici, Queen of France, is born at Palazzo Pitti, Florence, Tuscany, Italy. She was Queen of France as the second wife of King Henry IV of France, of the House of Bourbon.

1607–An expedition of English colonists, including Captain John Smith, go ashore at Cape Henry, Virginia, to establish the first permanent English settlement in the Western Hemisphere.

1644–Chongzhen, Emperor of China, dies from suicide by hanging from the Guilty Chinese Scholartree in Jingshan Hill, Beijing, at age 33. Dozens of high-level government officials, over 700 households of imperial scholars, and over 300 imperial maids committed suicide upon hearing of the Emperor's death.

1648–Peter II of Portugal is born Dom Peter II at Ribeira Palace in Lisbon, Portugal.

1654–Jews are expelled from Brazil.

1711–Philosopher, David Hume, is born in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was an important influence on the utilitarian and positivist philosophers of the 19th century.

1718–Esek Hopkins, the first Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Navy, is born in Scituate, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. Before the Revolutionary War, he had sailed to nearly every quarter of the Earth, commanded a privateer in the French and Indian War, and served as a deputy to the Rhode Island General Assembly.

1721–A smallpox vaccination is given for the first time.

1721–A massive earthquake devastates Tabriz, Iran.

1731–Author, Daniel Defoe, dies in hiding from his creditors. He is buried in the dissenter cemetery in Bunhill Fields. He wrote Robinson Crusoe and Moll Flanders, and was one of the pioneers of the thriller novel. His Journal of the Plague Year is so compelling that it belies the fact that Defoe did not witness the Great Plague himself. His original family name was Foe, but he himself ennobled it by adding the aristocratic “De.” He was a fearless attacker of privilege and prestige, and was once put in the pillory for his insolence against the Establishment. It is said that his friends came and tossed flowers, instead of refuse, at him.

1755–The first Russian university opens in Moscow.

1785–French-American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter, John James Audubon, is born in Les Cayes, Saint-Domingue (present-day Haiti). He is best known for his documentation and illustration of American birds in their natural habitats. His opus, Birds of America, is the most revered ornithological study ever published. Audubon's work had a far reaching influence on ornithology and natural history, with subsequent works emulating his high standards of accuracy and artistry. He made a significant contribution to the understanding of bird anatomy and behavior through his extensive field studies, identifying 25 new species, and 12 new subspecies of birds.

1798–Realist painter, Eugène Delacroix, is born Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix in Charenton-Saint-Maurice, Île-de-France, France. His expressive brushstroke style and study of color had a far-reaching influence on Impressionism, while his intense enthusiasm for the exotic informed the Symbolists. His decidedly Romantic style provided a dichotomy to his subjects, as in the style itself can be seen the influence of the Venetian Renaissance, with his attention to color, and the play of light and movement. His most famous work is “Liberty on the Barricades,” which showed his sympathy for the French Revolution. It hangs in the Louvre Museum in Paris, France.

1802–Napoleon Bonaparte signs a general amnesty to allow all but about 1,000 of the most notorious émigrés of the French Revolution to return to France, as part of a reconciliary gesture with the factions of the Ancien Régime and to eventually consolidate his own rule.

1803–Thousands of meteor fragments fall from the skies of L'Aigle, France. The event convinces European scientists that meteors exist.

1819–The Odd Fellows Lodge is founded.

1822–American landscape architect, Frederick Law Olmsted, is born in Hartford, Connecticut. He designed and landscaped many great parks, including Central Park in New York City, Golden Gate Park in San Francisco, California, Prospect Park in Brooklyn, New York, and the grounds of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C. He also served as the first superintendent of Yosemite National Park.

1841–The Bombay Gazette begins publishing on silk.

1865–Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston surrenders his army to General William Tecumseh Sherman at the Bennett Place near Durham, North Carolina.

1865–Assassin, John Wilkes Booth, is shot dead by the Union Calvery near Bowling Green, Virginia, at age 27.

1877–The state of Minnesota holds a day of prayer to plead for an end to a four-year plague of Rocky Mountain locusts. In southwestern Minnesota, locusts had been eating crops, trees, tobacco, fence posts, leather, dead animals, and sheep's wool. Two days later, a snowstorm moves through and the locusts are never seen again. No one knows what caused the plague, or why the Rocky Mountain locust became extinct afterwards.

1880–Choreographer, Michel Fokine, is born Mikhaíl Mikháylovich Fokín in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire. He was the founder of modern dance. Fokine aspired to move beyond stereotypical ballet traditions. To him, virtuoso ballet techniques were not an end in themselves, but a means of expression. Fokine staged more than 80 ballets in Europe and the United States. His best known works were Chopiniana (later revised as Les Sylphides), Le Carnaval, and Le Pavillon d'Armide. His pieces are still performed by the leading ballet troupes of the world.

1886–Ma Rainey, the pre-eminent diva of the blues, is born Gertrude Pridgett Rainey in Columbus, Georgia. She began singing as a teenager, touring around the South in the years before and after World War I with her husband, Pa Rainey, in a song-and-dance act. On stage she wore a sequined gown and a necklace of gold coins. She recorded such essential blues songs as See See Rider and Ma Rainey's Black Bottom.

1888–(Corinne) Anita Loos, screenwriter and playwright, is born in Sisson, California (present-day Mount Shasta, California). She is best known for her blockbuster comic novel Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. Her film credits include San Francisco, The Women, Susan and God, and A Tree Grows in Brooklyn.

1897–Film director, Douglas Sirk, is born Hans Detlef Sierck in Hans Detlef Sierck in Hamburg, Germany. His films include Magnificent Obsession, All That Heaven Allows, Written on the Wind, and Imitation of Life.

1900–Charles (Francis) Richter is born in Overpeck, Ohio. He would develop the Richter Scale for measuring earthquakes.

1903–Screenwriter, Niven Busch, is born in New York, New York. His films include Belle Starr, The Postman Always Rings Twice, Duel in the Sun, and The Furies. He was married to actress, Teresa Wright.

1910–Movie director, Tomoyuki Tanaka, is born in Kashiwara, Osaka, Japan. He directed the original film Godzilla.

1913–The Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in San Francisco, California.

1914–Comedian, Charlie Chester, is born Cecil Victor Manser in Eastbourne, Sussex, England.

1915–Bluesman, Johnny Shines, is born John Ned Shines in Frayser, Memphis, Tennessee.

1917–Architect, I.M. Pei, is born Ieoh Ming Pei in Guangzhou, China. He is best known for his design of the glass-and-steel pyramid for the Musée du Louvre in Paris, France.

1918–Character actor, Stafford (Alois) Repp, is born in San Francisco, California. He is best known for the role of Police Chief Clancy O'Hara on the TV series Batman. He appeared in the films Not as a Stranger, The Price of Fear, I Want to Live!, The Brothers Karamazov, Hot Spell, The Explosive Generation, and Batman: The Movie.

1921–Jazz musician, Jimmy Giuffre, is born James Peter Giuffre in Dallas, Texas. He was a clarinet and saxophone player, composer, and arranger. As a sideman, he worked with Ray Brown, Buddy DeFranco, Herb Ellis, Shelly Manne, Shorty Rogers, Chet Baker, and The Modern Jazz Quartet.

1923–Blues singer, Bessie Smith, records Tain't Nobody's Business If I Do for Columbia.

1923–Prince Albert Duke of York (King George VI) marries Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon at Westminster Abbey, London, England. They are the parents of Queen Elizabeth II.

1925–Paul von Hindenburg defeats Wilhelm Marx to become the first directly elected head of state of the Weimar Republic.

1928–Madame Tussaud's waxworks exhibition opens in London, England.

1931–Talent agent and producer, Bernie Brillstein, is born Bernard Jules Brillstein in Manhattan, New York. He formed The Brillstein Company in 1969. There managed stars and developed television programming. He produced the shows Hee Haw, The Muppet Show, and Saturday Night Live.

1933–The Gestapo, the official secret police force of Nazi Germany, is established.

1933–Jewish students are barred from school in Germany.

1933–Comedienne-actress, Carol (Creighton) Burnett, is born in San Antonio, Texas. She is best known for her long-running TV variety series The Carol Burnett Show. She starred on Broadway in Once Upon a Mattress. She appeared in the films Who's Been Sleeping in My Bed?, Pete 'n' Tillie, The Front Page, A Wedding, Health, The Grass Is Always Greener over the Septic Tank, Friendly Fire, Life of the Party: The Story of Beatrice, The Four Seasons, Annie, and Noises Off.

1936–Composer, Dmitri Shostakovitch, completes his Fourth Symphony.

1937–In the Spanish Civil War, Guernica, Spain, is bombed by German Luftwaffe.

1938–Austrian Jews are required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks.

1938–Guitar player, Duane Eddy, is born in Corning, New York. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, he had a string of hit records produced by Lee Hazlewood, which were noted for their characteristically "twangy" sound: Rebel Rouser, Peter Gunn, and Because They're Young. He had sold 12 million records by 1963.

1940–Film composer, (Giovanni) Giorgio Moroder, is born in Urtijei, South Tyrol, Italy. When in Munich, Germany, in the 1970s, he started his own record label, Oasis Records, which several years later became a subdivision of Casablanca Records. He produced huge hits for Donna Summer during the late-1970s disco era, and is the founder of the former Musicland Studios in Munich, a recording studio used by many artists including Electric Light Orchestra, Led Zeppelin, Queen, and Elton John. He is known for Berlin's Take My Breath Away and Flashdance... What a Feeling.

1941–An organ is played for the first time at a basebell game.

1941–Potatoes are rationed in Holland.

1942–A explosion at the Honkeiko Colliery in Manchuria, kills 1,549 miners.

1942–Singer, Bobby Rydell, is born Robert Louis Ridarelli in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was one of the teen idols who came out of the popularity of American Bandstand in 1950s. His hits include We Got Love, Wild One, Swingin’ School, Volare, Sway, The Cha-Cha-Cha, and Forget Him. He appeared in the movie musical Bye Bye Birdie.

1943–The Easter Riots break out in Uppsala, Sweden.

1943–Singer, Gary (Malcolm) Wright, is born in Cresskill, New Jersey. His hits include Dream Weaver and Love is Alive. He is credited with helping to establish the synthesizer as a leading instrument in rock and pop music.

1944–Georgios Papandreou becomes head of the Greek government-in-exile based in Egypt.

1945–Filipino troops of the 66th Infantry Regiment, Philippine Commonwealth Army, USAFIP-NL, and the American troops of the 33rd and 37th Infantry Division, U.S. Army are liberated in Baguio City, and they fight against the Japanese forces under General Tomoyuki Yamashita.

1954–The Geneva Conference begins, as an effort to restore peace in Indochina and Korea.

1956–The SS Ideal X, the world's first successful container ship, leaves Port Newark, New Jersey, for Houston, Texas.

1956–Photographer-actress, Koo Stark, is born Kathleen Dee-Anne Stark in New York, New York. She appeared in the films All I Want Is You... and You... and You..., The Rocky Horror Picture Show, Electric Dreams, and Eat the Rich.

1958–The final run of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Royal Blue from Washington, D.C., to New York City after 68 years. It was the first U.S. passenger train to use electric locomotives.

1959–Cuba invades Panama.

1960–Forced out by the April Revolution, President of South Korea, Syngman Rhee, resigns after 12 years of dictatorial rule.

1960–Roger (Andrew) Taylor, drummer for Duran Duran, is born in Nechells, Birmingham, England.

1961–Actress, Joan Chen, is born Chen Chong in Shanghai, China. She appeared in the films Tai-Pan, The Last Emperor, Turtle Beach, Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me, Heaven & Earth, Judge Dredd, and Avatar.

1962–NASA's Ranger 4 spacecraft crashes into the Moon.

1963–Amendments to its constitution transforms Libya (United Kingdom of Libya) into one national unity (Kingdom of Libya).

1963–Actor-martial artist, Jet Li, is born in Beijing, China.

1964–Tanganyika and Zanzibar unite to form Tanzania.

1964–18th NBA Championship: The Boston Celtics beat the San Francisco Warriors, 4 games to 1.

1965–Folksinger, Bob Dylan, arrives in England for a tour promoting his new album, Bringing It All Back Home. D.A. Pennebaker films him (and a menagerie of other pop-rock artists) for the documentary Don't Look Back. However, The Beatles would not allow Pennebaker to film their visits with Dylan.

1965–A Rolling Stones concert in London, Ontario, Canada, is shut down by police after 15 minutes, due to rioting.

1965–Actress, Susannah Harker, is born Susannah Owens in London, England. She appeared in the films White Mischief, A Dry White Season, Surviving Picasso, Intimacy, and Offending Angels.

1966–A new government is formed in the Republic of the Congo, led by Ambroise Noumazalaye.

1966–A 7.5 earthquake destroys Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

1967–Mama Cass Elliot gives birth to a daughter, Owen Vanessa. She never revealed the father of the child.

1968–The U.S. conducts an underground nuclear test with the one-megaton device called ”Boxcar.”

1969–The Firestone World Bowling Tournament (Mercury Open) is won by Jim Godman.

1969–Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist and founder of Aikido, dies at age 86.

1970–The Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization goes into force.

1970–Model, Melania Trump, is born Melanija Knavs in Sevnica, SFR Yugoslavia (present-day Slovenia). She is married to real estate developer, Donald Trump. She will become the First Lady of the United States when Trump is sworn in as President of the United States on 2017.

1970–Burlesque entertainer, Gypsy Rose Lee, dies of lung cancer in Los Angeles, California, at age 59. Her life was the inspiration for the stage production and film Gypsy.

1971–Jay DeMarcus, of Rascal Flatts, is born Stanley Wayne DeMarcus, Jr. in Columbus, Ohio.

1973–Former Beatle, George Harrison, founds The Material World Charitable Foundation Trust.

1973–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1973–Actress, Irene Ryan, dies from a malignant brain tumor in Santa Monica, California, at age 69. She is best known for the role of Granny Clampett in the TV series The Beverly Hillbillies.

1977–Steve Rubell's ultra-exclusive disco club, Studio 54, opens in New York City. Among the guests invited opening night are: Cher, Mick and Bianca Jagger, Debbie Harry, Donald and Ivana Trump, Liza Minnelli, Jerry Hall, Halston, Margaux Hemingway, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Salvador Dali, Brooke Shields, Martha Graham, and Robin Leach.

1978–Ringo Starr's TV special, Ringo, a musical version of The Prince and the Pauper, airs on American television. Ringo plays both characters. George Harrison provides the narration, but it still gets low ratings, finishing 53 out of 65 shows. Art Carney, Angie Dickinson, Vincent Price, and talk show host, Mike Douglas, also appear on the show.

1978–Actress, Stana Katic, is born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. She is best known for the rolle of Kate Beckett on the TV series Castle.

1980–Great Britain conducts a nuclear test.

1981–Dr. Michael R. Harrison of the University of California, San Francisco Medical Center performs the world's first human open fetal surgery.

1981–Actor, Jim Davis, dies of cancer in Northridge, California, at age 71. He is best known for the role of Jock Ewing in the prime-time soap opera Dallas. He appeared in the films The Beginning of the End, Oh! Susanna, Little Big Horn, The Big Sky, Alias Jesse James, The Magnificent Seven, Monty Walsh, Rio Lobo, Bad Company, The Parallax View, The Choirboys, and Comes a Horseman.

1982–Paul McCartney pays musical tribute to his former partner, John Lennon, with the song, Here Today, on his album Tug of War.

1982–A gunman steals Rod Stewart’s $50,000 Porsche in broad daylight on Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California.

1982–Fifty-seven people are killed by former police officer, Woo Bum-kon, in a shooting spree in South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea.

1984–President Ronald Reagan visits China.

1984–A statue of The Beatles created by John Doubleday is dedicated by Mike McCartney (Paul's brother), on Mathew Street near the location of the old Cavern Club in Liverpool, England. The statue, set as the centerpiece of a $12.5 million shopping complex, is a big disappointment to the fans.

1984–The newly rebuilt, newly constructed, Cavern Club, opens as a part of the Cavern Walks project in the Royal Life Insurance complex in Liverpool, England.

1984–Jazz pianist and bandleader, Count Basie, dies of pancreatic cancer in Hollywood, Florida, at age 79. In 1935, Basie formed his own jazz orchestra, the Count Basie Orchestra. He led the group for almost 50 years, creating innovations like the use of two "split" tenor saxophones, emphasizing the rhythm section, riffing with a big band, and using arrangers to broaden their sound. The big band era appeared to have ended after World War II, and Basie disbanded the group. He reformed his group as a 16-piece orchestra in 1952.

1986–The worst nuclear disaster in history (up to that time) occurs when a nuclear reactor explodes at Chernobyl, in the USSR, killing 31 people. Due to high levels of radiation, the location would be deemed uninhabitable for centuries.

1986–France conducts a nuclear test.

1986–A 5.5 earthquake strikes in the Kashmir-India border region, resulting in six deaths, 30 injuries, and 85% of the houses damaged around Dharmsala, India.

1986–The Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions is won by Marshall Holman.

1986–Maria Shriver marries actor, Arnold Schwarzenegger.

1986–Actor, Broderick Crawford, dies after a series of strokes in Rancho Mirage, California, at age 74. He is best known for his starring role as Chief Dan Matthews in the TV series Highway Patrol (1955-1959). He appeared in the films Beau Geste, Island of Lost Men, Larceny, Inc., All the King’s Men, Born Yesterday, Scandal Sheet, New York Confidential, Not as a Stranger, The Oscar, and The Candidate.

1989–The most catastrophic tornado in Bangladesh's history hits the Manikganj District, killing 1,300 people, injuring 12,000 others, and leaving as many as 80,000 homeless. The area had seen severe drought conditions for six months previous to the event, which may have contributed to the possibility of tornadoes.

1989–Actress, Lucille Ball, dies of a heart attack in Beverly Hills, California, at age 77. She is best known for the starring role of Lucy Ricardo on the TV sitcom I Love Lucy. She also starred in the TV shows The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show, Here's Lucy, and Life with Lucy. She appeared in the films Follow the Fleet, Stage Door, Room Service, Five Came Back, Too Many Girls, The Big Street, DuBarry Was a Lady, Lured, Sorrowful Jones, Fancy Pants, The Fuller Brush Girl, The Long Long Trailer, Forever, Darling, The Facts of Life, Critic’s Choice, Yours, Mine and Ours, Mame, and Stone Pillow.

1990–A 6.9 earthquake kills 126 people in the Qinghai Province of China.

1990–Danny Wood, of New Kids on the Block, steps on a stuffed animal and twists his ankle.

1991–Seventy tornadoes break out in the central United States.

1991–Vice-Admiral Charles Thomas resigns, warning that defense cuts will threaten sovereignty and endanger lives of U.S. military personnel.

1991–The sitcom, Dinosaurs, debuts on ABC-TV.

1991–Severe thunderstorms in central America spawn 55 tornadoes from northeastern Texas to Iowa and eastern Nebraska, killing 21 people. Early evening thunderstorms over south central Kansas brings a violent tornado that travels 45 miles from southwest of Wichita to north of El Dorado. It kills 17 people and causes $62 million in damage to McConnell Air Force Base.

1991–Composer, Carmine Coppola, dies in Northridge, California, at age 80. His work includes music for The Godfather I, II & III, The Black Stallion, Apocalypse Now, The Outsiders, Gardens of Stone, Tucker: The Man and His Dream, New York Stories, and The Freshman.

1992–In Simi Valley, California, the LAPD officers accused of excessive force in their severe beating of Rodney King, are found “not guilty.” The verdict results in several days of riots in Los Angeles, with smaller riots around the country.

1992–Rapper and record producer, Ice Cube, marries Kimberly Woodruff.

1994–Physicists announce the first evidence of the top quark subatomic particle.

1994–A China Airlines Airbus A300-600R crashes at Nagoya Airport, Japan, killing 264 passengers.

1994–The historic Fillmore club reopens in San Francisco, California.

1994–Masutatsu Oyama, founder of Japanese Kyokushin Karate, dies at age 67.

1996–Screenwriter, Stirling Silliphant, dies of prostate cancer in Bangkok, Thailand, at age 78. He wrote for many of the classic drama shows of the 1950s and 1960s, including the hit anthology series Route 66 (50 episodes).

2002–Robert Steinhäuser kills 16 people at Gutenberg-Gymnasium in Erfurt, Germany, before dying of a self-inflicted gunshot.

2004–Model-actress, Deborah Falconer, divorces actor, Robert Downey, Jr., due to irreconcilable differences after 12 years of marriage.

2005–Under international pressure, Syria withdraws the last of its 14,000 troop military garrison in Lebanon, ending its 29-year military domination of that country.

2005–Actress, Maria Schell, dies of pneumonia in Preitenegg, Carinthia, Austria, at age 79. She appeared in the films Gervaise, The Brothers Karamazov, The Hanging Tree, Cimarron, The Mark, The Odessa File, and Superman.

2006–The sale of foie gras is banned in Chicago, Illinois. The ban will be lifted two years later.

2007–Film industry executive, Jack Valenti, dies from stroke complications in Washington, D.C., at age 85. He was a longtime President of the Motion Picture Association of America. During his 38-year tenure, he created the MPAA film rating system.

2009–Writer and paranormal researcher, Hans Holzer, dies in New York, New York, at age 89. He wrote over 100 books on supernatural and occult subjects. Holzer believed in life after death, reincarnation, and the existence of ghosts.

2011–Singer, Phoebe Snow, dies as a result of a a cerebral hemorrhage in Edison, New Jersey, at age 60. She is best known for the song Poetry Man.

2012–Indonesia suspends imports of American beef after a confirmed case of Mad Cow Disease in California.

2013–Country singer, George Jones, dies of hypoxic respiratory failure in Nashville, Tennessee, at age 81. He is best known for his big hit He Stopped Loving Her Today. A member of the Grand Ole Opry since 1956, Jones was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1992, and was a Kennedy Center honoree in 2008.

2015–Actress, Jayne Meadows, dies of natural causes in Encino, California, at age 85. She appeared in the films Undercurrent, Lady in the Lake, The Luck of the Irish, David and Bathsheba, It Happened to Jane, College Confidential, City Slickers, The Player, and Casino.

2016–British doctors go on strike for the first time in the history of the National Health Service.

2016–A massive fire guts the National Museum of Natural History in New Delhi, India.

2017–President Donald Trump signs an executive order calling for a review of two dozen national monuments created by the last three presidents, raising questions about the areas being a “massive federal land grab.”

2017–The United States deploys parts of its Terminal High Altitude Area Defense in South Korea, amidst high tension caused by North Korea's escalation of its missile and nuclear weapons programs.

2017–President Donald Trump releases the first details of his massive income tax reform plan.

2017–The United States test launch a Minuteman III missile from California to the Marshall Islands.

2017–Film director, Jonathan Demme, dies due to complications from esophageal cancer and heart disease in Manhattan, New York, at age 73. His films include Crazy Mama, Melvin and Howard, Swing Shift, Something Wild, Married to the Mob, The Silence of the Lambs, Philadelphia, and Ricki and the Flash.


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