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1934–Rock and roll producer, Don Kirshner, is born Donald Clark Kirshner in the Bronx, New York. He helped launch the careers of Neil Diamond, Bobby Darin, Carole King, Neil Sedaka, The Monkees, and The Archies. In the mid-70s, he hosted the late night music show, Don Kirshner’s Rock Concert, one the best of the genre. With its long-form live performances, as compared to rehearsed, often lip-synced performances that were the staple of earlier television shows like Shindig!, the show pointed a new direction for pop music presentation. The last show aired in 1981, the year that MTV was launched.

44–Pope Evaristus is born in Bethlehem, Judea.

485–Mathematician and philosopher, Proclus, dies in Athens, Greece, at age 73. He set forth one of the most elaborate and fully developed systems of Neoplatonism. He stands near the end of the classical development of philosophy, and was very influential on Western medieval philosophy.

648–Empress Xiao, of the Sui dynasty, dies in Chang’an, Tang China at age 82.

744–Muslim caliph, Al-Walid II, dies in (present-day) Jordan, at age 35.

818–Frankish King, Bernard of Italy, dies from being blinded by a red-hot poker in Aachen, Rhineland, Germany, at age 21.

858–Pope Benedict III dies in Rome, Papal States.

1080–The King of Denmark, Harald III, dies at age 39. He is succeeded by Canute IV, who would later be the first Dane to be canonized.

1277–Byzantine Emperor, Michael IX Palaiologos, is born in Constantinople, Byzantine Empire.

1321–Infanta Branca of Portugal dies at the Convent of Las Huelgas in Burgos, Crown of Castile, at age 62. She was the daughter of King Afonso III of Portugal and Urraca of Castile.

1344–Constantine II, King of Armenia, is killed or murdered in an uprising in Armenia.

1349–The rule of the Bavand dynasty in Mazandaran is brought to an end by the murder of Hasan II.

1362–Kaunas Castle falls to the Teutonic Order after a month-long siege.

1397–Geoffrey Chaucer tells “The Canterbury Tales” for the first time at the court of Richard II.

1492–Christopher Columbus signs a contract with Spain to sail to Asia for spices.

1521–Martin Luther speaks to the assembly at the Diet of Worms, refusing to recant his teachings. He is then excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church.

1524–Giovanni Verrazano first catches sight of New York harbor.

1555–After 18 months of siege, Siena surrenders to the Florentine-Imperial army. The Republic of Siena is incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.

1629–Horses are first imported into the colonies by the American Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1676–Frederick I of Sweden, is born in Kassel, Hesse-Kassel, Holy Roman Empire.

1704–The first newspaper of the English-speaking New World is published by John Campbell. It is called The Boston News-letter, and it has no competition for 15 years.

1711–Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor, dies of smallpox at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria, at age 32.

1734–Thai King, Taksin, is born in Ayutthaya, Ayutthaya Kingdom. His reign was characterized by numerous wars, fought to repel new Burmese invasions and to subjugate the northern Thai kingdom of Lanna, the Laotian principalities, and a threatening Cambodia.

1741–Judge, Samuel Chase, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, is born in Somerset County, Maryland, British America.

1783–Writer, Louise Florence Pétronille Tardieu d'Esclavelles d'Épinay, dies. A friend of Denis Diderot, liaison of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and guest of Voltaire, she will become famous for her Conversations of Emily and three volumes of Memoirs and Correspondence. Her pseudo-memoires are written in the form of a sort of autobiographic romance, L'Histoire de Madame de Montbrillant, begun when she was 30, but never published in her lifetime.

1790–Statesman, Benjamin Franklin, dies from pleuritic attack in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at age 84. Approximately 20,000 people attended his funeral. A signer of both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, Franklin is considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A renowned polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. As an inventor, he is known for the lightning rod, bifocals, and the Franklin stove, among other inventions. Franklin became a successful newspaper editor and printer in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and he published The Pennsylvania Chronicle, a newspaper that was known for its revolutionary sentiments and criticisms of the British policies. He also published Poor Richard's Almanack and The Pennsylvania Gazette. From 1785 to 1788, he served as Governor of Pennsylvania. Toward the end of his life, he freed his own slaves and became one of the most prominent abolitionists. His portrait appears on the U.S. $100 bill.

1797–Sir Ralph Abercromby attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico, in what would be one of the largest invasions of the Spanish territories in America.

1797–Citizens of Verona, Italy, begin an eight-day rebellion against the French occupying forces, which will end unsuccessfully.

1837–J.P. Morgan, American banker and CEO of the U.S. Steel Corporation, is born in Hartford, Connecticut.

1849–William R. Day, diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, is born.

1861–The state of Virginia's secession convention votes to secede from the United States, becoming the eighth state to join the Confederate States of America.

1875–Snooker, a variation of pool, is invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain.

1892–Alexander Mackenzie, soldier, journalist, and politician, dies from hitting his head during a fall in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, at age 70. He was the second Prime Minister of Canada.

1894–Nikita Khrushchev is born. He was leader of the Soviet Union in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

1895–The Treaty of Shimonoseki between China and Japan is signed. This marks the end of the First Sino-Japanese War, and the defeated Qing Empire is forced to renounce its claims on Korea and to concede the southern portion of the Fengtien province, Taiwan, and the Pescadores Islands to Japan.

1896–Ventriloquist, Senor Wences, is born Wenceslao Moreno in Peñaranda de Bracamonte, Salamanca, Spain. His stable of characters included Johnny, a childlike face drawn on his hand, placed atop an otherwise headless doll, with whom the ventrilloquist conversed while switching voices between Johnny's falsetto and his own voice with great speed. His popularity grew with his frequent appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show in the 1950s and 1960s.

1897–A UFO incident takes place in Aurora, Texas, when locals claim a UFO has crashed. The incident (similar to the more famous Roswell UFO incident 50 years later) is claimed to have resulted in a fatality from the crash, and the alleged alien body is to have been buried in an unmarked grave at the local cemetery.

1897–Playwright and novelist, Thornton (Niven) Wilder, is born in Madison, Wisconsin. His father was a newspaper editor and diplomat, and his family spent time in Hong Kong and Shanghai. Wilder taught school for a living until the success of his play, Our Town, made it possible for his writing to become his livelihood. He won the Pulitzer Prize for both fiction and drama: for his novel, The Bridge Over San Luis Ray, and the plays Our Town and The Skin of Our Teeth.

1905–The U.S. Supreme Court decides Lochner v. New York, which holds that the "right to free contract" is implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

1905–Actor, Arthur Lake, is born Arthur Silverlake, Jr., in Corbin, Kentucky. He is best known for the role of the squeaky-voiced Dagwood Bumstead in 28 “Blondie” movies.

1907–An estimated 11,745 immigrants arrive at Ellis Island, New York.

1912–Russian troops open fire on striking goldfield workers in northeast Siberia, killing at least 150 of them.

1913–Actor, Paul Langton, is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. He is best known for the role of Leslie Harrington for 284 episodes on the long-running prime time soap opera Peyton Place. He appeared in the films Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo, They Were Expendable, The Hoodlum Saint, Courage of Lassie, Till the Clouds Roll By, The Big Knife, The Incredible Shrinking Man, It! The Terror from Beyond Space, Twilight of Honor, 4 for Texas, Man's Favorite Sport?, Advance to the Rear, Shock Treatment, and Youngblood Hawke.

1917–The first Del Monte brand national advertisement appears in The Saturday Evening Post.

1918–Actor, William Holden, is born William Franklin Beedle, Jr. in O'Fallon, Illinois. He appeared in the films Golden Boy, Our Town, The Man from Colorado, Rachel and the Stranger, Apartment for Peggy, Streets of Loredo, Sunset Boulevard, Union Station, Born Yesterday, Stalag 17, The Moon is Blue, Executive Suite, Sabrina, The Country Girl, Picnic, The Bridge on the River Kwai, The Wild Bunch, Wild Rovers, Breezy, The Toweing Inferno, and Network.

1919–Architect, J. Cleaveland Cady, dies in his New York City apartment. He is perhaps best known for his design of the south range of the American Museum of Natural History on New York's Upper West Side. Cady was the architect of the original Metropolitan Opera House, which was partially destroyed by fire in 1892, and demolished in 1967. The Cady and See partnership also designed numerous New York City hospitals, medical schools, churches, college buildings (15 for Yale University alone), as well as those for Williams College, Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, and Wesleyan University.

1920–The American Professional Football Association (NFL) is established.

1922–At least six tornadoes cause death and destruction along parts of a 210-mile path from north of Ogden, Illinois, to Allen County, Ohio, killing 16 people. A post card, picked up in Madison County, Indiana, was found 124 miles away near Mount Cory, Ohio.

1923–Film director, Lindsay (Gordon) Anderson, is born in Bangalore, British India. He was a feature film, theatre, and documentary director, and a leading light of the Free Cinema movement and the British New Wave. His films include This Sporting Life, The White Bus, if...., O Lucky Man!, In Celebration, Look Back in Anger, Britannia Hospital, The Whales of August, and Glory! Glory!

1923–Newscaster, Harry (Truman) Reasoner, is born in Dakota City, Iowa. He was a journalist for ABC and CBS News, known for his inventive use of language as a television commentator. He was a founder of the TV news program 60 Minutes.

1924–Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and the Louis B. Mayer Company merge to form Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

1929–Orchestra leader and composer, James Last, is born Hans Last in Bremen, Germany. According to British Hit Singles & Albums, he is reported to have sold in excess of 80 million albums worldwide.

1930–Jazz trombonist, Chris Barber, is born Donald Christopher Barber in Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England. He is best known as a bandleader and trombonist. As well as scoring a U.K. “Top 20” trad jazz hit, Petite Fleur, he supported the careers of many musicians, including skiffle player, Lonnie Donegan.

1933–Record producer and composer, David Axelrod, is born in Los Angeles, California. He was one of the first recording artists to fuse elements of jazz, rock, and R&B.

1934–Rock and roll producer, Don Kirshner, is born Donald Clark Kirshner in the Bronx, New York. He helped launch the careers of Neil Diamond, Bobby Darin, Carole King, Neil Sedaka, The Monkees, and The Archies. In the mid-70s, he hosted the late night music show, Don Kirshner’s Rock Concert, one the best of the genre. With its long-form live performances, as compared to rehearsed, often lip-synced performances that were the staple of earlier television shows like Shindig!, the show pointed a new direction for pop music presentation. The last show aired in 1981, the year that MTV was launched.

1935–Broadcaster, Bud Paxson, is born Lowell White Paxson in Rochester, New York. He founded the Home Shopping Network and Pax TV (currently known as Ion Television), a network focusing on family-friendly content.

1939–Joe Louis knocks out Jack Roper in Round 1 for the Heavyweight Boxing Championship.

1940–Rocker, Billy Fury, is born Ronald Wycherley in Liverpool, England. Molded by his manager as a British Elvis, Fury, with his suggestive stage presence and raw delivery, was an immeasurable influence on groups like The Beatles and The Rolling Stones.

1941–The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.

1942–French prisoner of war, General Henri Giraud, escapes from his castle prison in Königstein Fortress.

1944–Forces of the Communist-controlled Greek People's Liberation Army attack the smaller National and Social Liberation resistance group, which surrenders. Its leader Dimitrios Psarros is murdered.

1945–Brazilian forces liberate the town of Montese, Italy, from Nazi forces.

1946–Syria obtains its independence from the French occupation.

1948–Composer, Jan Hammer, is born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (present-day Czech Republic). He gained his most visible audience while playing keyboards with The Mahavishnu Orchestra in the early 1970s, as well as his film scores for film and television, including Miami Vice.

1949–At midnight, 26 Irish counties officially leave the British Commonwealth. A 21-gun salute on O'Connell Bridge, Dublin, Ireland, ushers in the Republic of Ireland.

1951–The Peak District becomes the United Kingdom's first National Park.

1951–Actress, Olivia Hussey, is born Olivia Osuna in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She appeared in the films Romeo and Juliet, All the Right Noises, The Summertime, Lost Horizon, Death on the Nile, Virus, and Turkey Shoot. She was married to musician, Dean Paul Martin.

1952–Comedian, Joe Alaskey, is born Joseph Francis Alaskey in Troy, New York. As a voice artist, he is credited as one of the successors of Mel Blanc in impersonating the voices of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Sylvester, Tweety, and other characters from Warner Bros. cartoons.

1953–Ringo Starr's mother marries Harry Graves, who becomes the boy's stepfather.

1953–One of the few severe hailstorms accompanied by snow, sleet, glaze, and rain, pelted parts of Kay, Osage, Creek, Tulsa, Washington, and Rogers Counties in northeastern Oklahoma. Nearly 10,000 insurance claims were filed.

1954–Wrestler, “Rowdy” Roddy Piper, is born Roderick George Toombs in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. In professional wrestling, he is best known for his work with the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE) in the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s. Although he was Canadian, due to his Scottish heritage, he was billed as coming from Glasgow and was known for his signature kilt and bagpipe entrance music. He earned the nickname "Rowdy" by displaying his trademark "Scottish" rage, spontaneity, and quick wit. Despite being a crowd favorite for his rock star-like persona, he often played a villain.

1954–Musician, Michael (Andrew) Sembello, is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is best known for the song Maniac from the blockbuster film Flashdance.

1955–Pete Shelley, of The Buzzcocks, is born Peter Campbell McNeish in Leigh, Lancashire, England.

1958–The World Fair opens in Brussels, Belgium.

1959–Actor, Sean Bean, is born Shaun Mark Bean in Handsworth, Sheffield, West Riding of Yorkshire, England. He appeared in the films Stormy Monday, The Field, Patriot Games, Black Beauty, Anna Karenina, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, National Treaure, Flightplan, and Far North.

1960–Rock ‘n’ roller, Eddie Cochran, dies in a hospital in Bath, England, from severe brain injuries sustained in a car crash near Chippenham, Wiltshire, England, at age 21. Injured in the crash are Cochran's girlfriend, Sharon Sheeley, and musician, Gene Vincent. Cochran’s hits include the rockabilly songs Twenty Flight Rock, C'mon Everybody, Somethin' Else, and Summertime Blues. His image as a sharply dressed and good-looking young man with a rebellious attitude, epitomized the stance of the 1950s rocker, and in his early death he achieved an iconic status.

1961–Approximately 1,500 CIA-trained Cuban exiles launch the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in a failed attempt to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro.

1961–The 33rd Annual Academy Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: The Apartment; Best Actor: Burt Lancaster for Elmer Gantry; Best Actress: Elizabeth Taylor for BUterfield 8; Best Director: Billy Wilder for The Apartment; Best Foreign Film: The Virgin Spring (Sweden). The ceremonies are held at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium in Santa Monica, California. The host is Bob Hope.

1964–The Ford Motor Company formally introduces the Mustang at the World’s Fair in New York. It has a base price of $2,368.

1964–The Maritime Hotel, in Belfast, Northern Ireland, is rocked by the debut performance of Them, featuring an 18-year-old Van Morrison.

1964–In Washington, D.C., the FBI audio lab declares that the lyrics to Louie Louie are indecipherable.

1964–The Rolling Stones self-titled debut album is released in the U.K. on Decca Records. It will be released in the U.S. on London Records.

1965–The development of the 8-track tape player is announced by RCA and LearJet.

1965–The Mississippi River reaches a flood crest at St. Paul, Minnesota, four feet higher than any previous mark. Flooding causes more than $100 million in damages, but only 12 deaths are reported.

1967–The U.S. Supreme Court denies Muhammad Ali's request to be blocked from induction into the U.S. Army.

1967–Jazz trumpeter, Red Allen, dies of pancreatic cancer in New York, New York, at age 61. His trumpet style has been described, by some critics, as the first to fully incorporate the innovations of Louis Armstrong, and to develop an emphasis on phrasing.

1969–Sirhan B. Sirhan is found guilty of first-degree murder in the slaying of Robert F. Kennedy, who was shot in Los Angeles, California, just after winning the California Democratic presidential primary in June 1968.

1969–Communist Party of Czechoslovakia Chairman, Alexander Dubcek, is deposed.

1970–The astronauts of Apollo 13 splash down safely in the Pacific Ocean, four days after a ruptured oxygen tank crippled their spacecraft.

1970–Paul McCartney's first solo LP, McCartney, is released on the Apple label in the U.K and the U.S.

1970–Sergei U S Aleksi, patriarch of the Russian-Orthodox church, dies at age 92.

1971–The People's Republic of Bangladesh forms at Mujibnagor, under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

1972–The 76th Boston Marathon is won by Olavi Suomalainen of Finland, with a time of 2:15:39.

1972–The 1st Boston Women's Marathon is won by Nina Kuscsik of New York, with a time of 3:10:26.

1972–Jennifer (Anne) Garner, is born in Houston, Texas. She appeared in the films Deconstructing Harry, Washington Square, Stealing Time, Pearl Hargor, Catch Me If You Can, 13 Going on 30, The Kingdom, Juno, Dallas Buyers Club, and Miracles from Heaven. She was married to actor, Ben Affleck.

1973–The 2nd Boston Women's Marathon is won by Jacqueline Hansen of California, with a time of 3:05:59.

1973–The 77th Boston Marathon is won by Jon Anderson of Oregon, with a time of 2:16:03.

1975–The Cambodian Civil War ends. The Khmer Rouge captures the capital Phnom Penh, and Cambodian government forces surrender.

1975–Elvis Presley purchases the Lisa Marie jet, a Convair that had been in service with Delta Airlines. The final cost was $750,000, most of that coming from extensive renovations: gold bathroom fixtures, a queen-size bed, a full audio-visual system, and Elvis' TCB logo on the tail.

1975–Philosopher and politician, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, dies in Madras, Tamil Nadu, India (present-day Chennai, India). He was the second President of India. His philosophy was grounded in Advaita Vedanta, reinterpreting this tradition for a contemporary understanding. He defended Hinduism against "uninformed Western criticism," and was influential in shaping the understanding of Hinduism, in both India and the West.

1978–Mir Akbar Khyber is assassinated, provoking a communist coup d'état in Afghanistan.

1978–The 82nd Boston Marathon is won by Bill Rodgers of Massachusetts, with a time of 2:10:13.

1978–The 7th Boston Women's Marathon is won by Gayle Barron of Georgia, with a time of 2:44:52.

1973–Pink Floyd receives a gold album for Dark Side of the Moon, one of rock's landmark albums. The LP will remain on the charts for more than ten years and become the longest charting rock record of all time.

1974–Victoria Beckham, “Posh Spice” of The Spice Girls, is born in Essex, England.

1974–Vinnie Taylor, of Sha Na Na, dies of a drug overdose in Virginia, at age 24.

1975–Khmer Rouge guerrillas seize Phnom Penh and begin a reign of terror in which more than one million people die.

1982–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1982–The patriation of the Canadian constitution is made in Ottawa, Canada, by Proclamation of Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada.

1983–Musician, Felix Pappalardi, dies from a gunshot wound in Manhattan, New York, at age 41. He was shot by his wife in their apartment. Gail Pappalardi was subsequently charged with second-degree murder. She claimed it was an accident, was found guilty of the lesser criminally negligent homicide and sentenced to 16 months to four years in prison. She was released on parole in April 1985. Pappalardi worked on records by Cream, Hot Tuna, Mountain, and Red Hot Chili Peppers.

1983–Disc jockey, Peter Potter, of the BBC’s Juke Box Jury, dies at age 78.

1984–Police Constable, Yvonne Fletcher, is killed by gunfire from the Libyan People's Bureau (Embassy) in London, England, during a small demonstration outside the Embassy. Ten others are wounded, leading to an 11-day siege of the building.

1986–IBM produces the first megabit-chip.

1986–The Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years' War between the Netherlands and the Isles of Scilly ends.

1986–Nezar Hindawi's attempt to detonate a bomb aboard an El Al flight from London to Tel Aviv is thwarted.

1987–The USSR conducts a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh.

1987–Cecil Harmsworth King, publisher of The Daily Mirror, dies in England, at age 86.

1987–Comedian-actor, Dick Shawn, dies of a heart attack while performing at University of California's Mandeville Hall in San Diego, California, at age 63. He collapsed face down on the stage and the audience thought it was part of his act. After five minutes, the audience was asked to leave the auditorium, but almost no one left since many thought it was all just a gag. He appeared in the films The Opposite Sex, It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World, Way... Way Out, The Producers, and Love At First Bite.

1989–The 93rd Boston Marathon is won by Abebe Mekonen of Ethiopia, with a time of 2:09:06.

1989–The 18th Boston Women's Marathon is won by Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway, with a time of 2:24:33.

1991–Railroad workers go on strike in America.

1993–Turgut Özal, President of Turkey (1989-1993), dies of a heart attack in Ankara, Turkey, at age 65.

1995–The 99th Boston Marathon is won by Cosmas Ndeti of Kenya, with the time of 2:09:22.

1995–The 24th Boston Women's Marathon is won by Uta Pippig of Germany, with a time of 2:25:11.

1996–Arnold Neustadter, inventor of the Rolodex, dies.

1997–Chaim Herzog, President of Israel (1983-1993), dies in Tel Aviv, Israel, at age 78.

1998–Linda McCartney, wife of Beatle Paul McCartney, dies of breast cancer at the couple’s ranch in Tucson, Arizona, at age 56. She had been suffering from cancer since 1995. She was a photographer, animal rights activist, and healthy food entrepreneur.

2003–Dietitian, Robert Atkins, dies from a head injury during a fall in New York, New York, at age 72. He was a physician and cardiologist, best known for the "Atkins Nutritional Approach," or "Atkins Diet," a popular but controversial way of eating that requires close control of carbohydrate consumption, emphasizing protein and fat as the primary sources of dietary calories in addition to a controlled number of carbohydrates from vegetables.

2003–John Paul Getty, Jr. dies of a chest infection in London, England, at age 70. He was a wealthy American-born British philanthropist and book collector. He was the elder son of Jean Paul Getty, Sr. (1892-1976), one of the richest men in the world at the time of Getty Jr.’s birth.

2006–A Palestinian suicide bomber detonates an explosive device in Tel Aviv, killing 11 people and injuring 70 others.

2006–The Pulitzer Prizes are awarded. Reporting: Staff of The Times-Picayune for its courageous and aggressive coverage of Hurricane Katrina, overcoming desperate conditions facing the city and the newspaper; Fiction: March by Geraldine Brooks (Viking); Drama: No award given; Non-Fiction: Imperial Reckoning–The Untold Story of Britain's Gulag in Kenya by Caroline Elkins (Henry Holt); History: Polio–An American Story by David M. Oshinsky (Oxford University Press); Biography or Autobiography: American Prometheus–The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer by Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin (Alfred A. Knopf); Poetry: Late Wife by Claudia Emerson (Louisiana State University Press); Photography: No award given; Music: Piano Concerto–Chiavi in Mano by Yehudi Wyner (Associated Music Publishers). A Special Citation is given to Thelonious Monk for “a body of distinguished and innovative musical composition that has had a significant and enduring impact on the evolution of jazz.”

2007–Television personality, Kitty Carlisle, dies of congestive heart failure in New York, New York, at age 96. She is best known as a regular panelist on the TV game show To Tell the Truth in the 1950s.

2008–Danny Federici, organist for The E-Street Band, dies of melanoma in New York, New York, at age 58.

2011–Actor, Michael Sarrazin, dies of cancer in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, at age 70. He appeared in the films The Flim-Flam Man, Journey to Shiloh, The Sweet Ride, They Shoot Horses, Don't They?, Sometimes a Great Notion, The Pursuit of Happiness, The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean, Harry in Your Pocket, For Pete's Sake, The Reincarnation of Peter Proud, The Gumball Rally, and The Seduction.

2013–Same-sex marriage is legalized in New Zealand.

2013–Five people are killed in Wana, Pakistan, by a U.S. drone attack.

2013–A fertilizer plant explodes in West, Texas, killing 15 people and injuring 160 others.

2014–NASA's Kepler confirms the discovery of the first Earth-size planet in the habitable zone of another star.

2014–Writer, Gabriel García Márquez, dies of pneumonia in Mexico City, Mexico, at age 87. Considered one of the most significant authors of the 20th century, he was awarded the 1972 Neustadt International Prize for Literature and the 1982 Nobel Prize in Literature.

2015–A semitruck carrying millions of honeybees overturns on a highway north of Seattle, Washington, scattering hives and sending white-suited beekeepers scrambling to save as many insects as they could. The truck’s load was 448 hives, or about 13.7 million bees.

2016–The Prime Minister of Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu, vows that the Israeli occupied Golan Heights, recognized as part of Syria, will forever stay in the country's hands, calling on the international community to recognize Israeli sovereignty over the area.

2016–Actress, Doris Roberts, dies in Los Angeles, California, at age 90. She is best known for the role of Marie Barone on the sitcom Everybody Loves Raymond. She appeared in the films Something Wild, Barefoot in the Park, No Way to Treat a Lady, Such Good Friends, Hester Street, The Rose, Used People, and Dickie Roberts: Former Child Star.

2017–North Korea's Vice-Foreign Minister Han Song-ryol says that the United States has created “a dangerous situation in which a thermonuclear war may break out at any minute.”

2017–A small Swiss-owned plane crashes near a Lidl supermarket in the Portuguese village of Tires, west of Lisbon, Portugal, killing at least five people.

2017–A 5.7 earthquake strikes 155 miles northwest of the Pacific island nation of Vanuatu.

2018–SpaceX announces that they will build a massive rocket (named BFR) that will be capable of sending humans to Mars.

2018–New research suggests the Almahata Sitta meteorites are evidence of a lost additional planet in our solar system.

2018–Barbara Bush, wife of the 41st U.S. President George H.W. Bush and former First Lady of the United States, dies in Houston, Texas, at age 92. It was announced on April 15, 2018, that she would no longer seek medical treatment and had instead chosen the option of "comfort care" at her home. Her sons are former President George W. Bush and for Florida governer Jeb Bush.


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